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 Sahih al-Bukhari in pdf

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مُساهمةموضوع: Sahih al-Bukhari in pdf   الأحد مايو 02, 2010 7:39 pm

Sahih al-Bukhari (Arabic: صحيح البخاري), as it is commonly referred to as, is one of the six canonical hadith lections of Sunni Islam. These prophetic traditions, hadith were lected by the Muslim scholar Muhammad ibn Ismail al-Bukhari (810-870) and compiled during his lifetime. Most Sunni Muslims view this as their most trusted lection of hadith and it is considered the most authentic book after the Qur'an.

Actual title

The actual title of the book commonly referred to as Sahih al-Bukhari, according to Ibn al-Salah, is: al-Jaami’ al-Sahih al-Musnad al-Mukhtasar min Umur Rasool Allah wa sunanihi wa Ayyamihi. A word for word translation is: The Abridged Collection of Authentic Hadith with Connected Chains regarding Matters Pertaining to the Prophet, His practices and His Times.[2] Ibn Hajar mentioned the same title replacing the word umur, matters, with hadith.

Reasons for compiling the Sahih

At the time when Bukhari saw [the earlier] works and conveyed them, he found them, in their presentation, combining between what would be considered sahih and hasan and that many of them included da’if hadith. This aroused his interest in compiling hadith whose authenticity was beyond doubt. What further strengthened his resolve was something his teacher, Ishaq ibn Ibrahim al-Hanthalee – better known as Ibn Rahoyah – had said. Muhammad ibn Ismaa’eel al-Bukhari said, “We were with Ishaq ibn Rahoyah who said, ‘If only you would compile a book of only authentic narrations of the Prophet.’ This suggestion remained in my heart so I began compiling the Sahih.” Bukhari also said, “I saw the Prophet in a dream and it was as if I was standing in front of him. In my hand was a fan with which I was protecting him. I asked some dream interpreters, who said to me, ‘You will protect him from lies.’ This is what compelled me to produce the Sahih.

Authenticity

Ibn al-Salah said: "The first to author a Sahih was Bukhari, Abu ‘Abdillah Muhammad ibn Ismaa’eel al-Ju’fee, followed by Aboo al-Husain Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj al-Naisaabooree al-Qushairee, who was his student, sharing many of the same teachers. These two books are the most authentic books after the Quran. As for the statement of al-Shafi’i, who said “I do not know of a book containing knowledge more correct than Malik’s book,” - others mentioned it with a different wording – he said this before the books of Bukhari and Muslim. The book of Bukhari is the more authentic of the two and more useful.
Ibn Hajar quoted Aboo Ja’far al-‘Uqailee as saying, "After Bukhari had written the Sahih, he read it to Ali ibn al-Madini, Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Yahya ibn Ma'in as well as others. They considered it a good effort and testified to its authenticity with the exception of four hadith. Al-‘Uqailee then said that Bukhari was actually correct regarding those four hadith." Ibn Hajar then concluded, "And they are, in fact, authentic.

Not inclusive of all authentic hadith

Ibn al-Salah said in his Muqaddimah: "It has been narrated to us that Bukhari has said, 'I have not included in the book al-Jami’ other than what is authentic and I did not include other authentic hadith for the sake of brevity.'"[7] In addition, al-Dhahabi said, "Bukhari was heard saying, 'I have memorized one hundred thousand authentic hadith and two hundred thousand which are less than authentic.'

Number of hadith

Ibn al-Salah also said: "The number of hadith in his book, the Sahih, is seven thousand, two hundred and seventy five hadith including hadith occurring repeatedly. It has been said that this number excluding repeated hadith is four thousand."[9] This is referring to those hadith which are musnad,[10] those from the Companions originating from the Prophet with what is apparently a connected chain.

The lection

Al-Bukhari traveled widely throughout the Abbasid empire for sixteen years, lecting those traditions he thought trustworthy. It is said that al-Bukhari lected over 300,000 hadith and included only 2,602 traditions in his Sahih[12] [13] [14]; however, this number contradicts the number given by Ibn al-Salah, 7275 hadith, as mentioned above.
The book covers almost all aspects of life in providing proper guidance of Islam such as the method of performing prayers and other actions of worship directly from the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Sahih al-Bukhari is the work of over 16 years by Bukhari, who before writing any Hadith in this book performed ablution and two units of prayer asking guidance from Allah. Then he would do the necessary research and investigation, observing if the particular Hadith fits in to his strict criteria of authenticity and if he is sure that the Hadith is authentic, he wrote it in the book.
Bukhari finished his work around 846, and spent the last twenty-four years of his life visiting other cities and scholars, teaching the hadith he had lected. In every city that he visited, thousands of people would gather in the main mosque to listen to him recite traditions. In reply to Western academic doubts as to the actual date and authorship of the book that bears his name, Sunni scholars point out that notable hadith scholars of that time, such as Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (855 CE/241 AH), Ibn Maīn (847 CE/233 AH), and Ibn Madīni (848 CE/234 AH), accepted the authenticity of his book [1] [2] and that the lection's immediate fame makes it unlikely that it could have been revised after the author's death.
During this period of twenty-four years, Bukhari made minor revisions to his book, notably the chapter headings. Each version is named by its narrator. According to Ibn Hajar Asqalani in his book Nukat, the number of hadiths in all versions is the same. The most famous one today is the version narrated by al-Firabri (d. 932 CE/320 AH), a trusted student of Bukhari. Khatib al-Baghdadi in his book History of Baghdad quoted Firabri as saying: "About seventy thousand people heard Sahih Bukhari with me".
Firabri is not the only transmitter of Sahih Bukhari. There were many others that narrated that book to later generations, such as Ibrahim ibn Ma'qal (d. 907 CE/295 AH), Hammad ibn Shaker (d. 923 CE/311 AH), Mansur Burduzi (d. 931 CE/319 AH) and Husain Mahamili (d. 941 CE/330 AH). There are many books that noted differences between these versions, the best known being Fath al-Bari.

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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Sahih al-Bukhari in pdf   الإثنين فبراير 07, 2011 1:24 pm

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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Sahih al-Bukhari in pdf   الإثنين فبراير 07, 2011 1:25 pm

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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Sahih al-Bukhari in pdf   الأربعاء فبراير 09, 2011 4:12 am





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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Sahih al-Bukhari in pdf   الجمعة مايو 13, 2011 7:11 am

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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Sahih al-Bukhari in pdf   الثلاثاء نوفمبر 29, 2011 4:36 pm

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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Sahih al-Bukhari in pdf   الثلاثاء نوفمبر 29, 2011 4:37 pm

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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Sahih al-Bukhari in pdf   الإثنين فبراير 06, 2012 2:20 pm

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Sahih al-Bukhari in pdf
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